The ultimate goal in the treatment of short bowel syndrome is to wean patients off parenteral nutrition, by promoting intestinal adaptation. Intestinal adaptation is the natural compensatory process that occurs after small bowel resection. Stimulating the remaining bowel with enteral nutrition can enhance this process. Additionally, medication can be used to either reduce factors that complicate the adaptation process or to stimulate intestinal adaptation, such as antisecretory drugs and several growth factors. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the best nutritional strategies and medication that best promote intestinal adaptation.

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Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology
Department of Pediatric Surgery

Neelis, E., Olieman, J., Hulst, J., de Koning, B., Wijnen, R., & Rings, E. (2016). Promoting intestinal adaptation by nutrition and medication. Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology, 30(2), 249–261. doi:10.1016/j.bpg.2016.03.002