Our understanding of the genetic control of skeletogenesis and bone remodeling is increasing, and in addition to various nongenetic risk factors, a positive family history confers an increased risk of fracture. Vertebral fractures are the most common osteoporotic fractures and they are often a first manifestation of osteoporosis. This review presents the current state of knowledge on the genetic basis of osteoporotic vertebral fractures and, additionally, of structural vertebral deformities resembling osteoporotic vertebral fractures but which may have their own genetic basis. We conclude that, apart from tentative screening for rare monogenic forms of osteoporosis in very unusual case presentations, not enough is currently known to encourage routine genetic screening in regular osteoporotic vertebral fracture cases.

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doi.org/10.1016/j.jocd.2015.08.011, hdl.handle.net/1765/83711
Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Department of Radiology

Oei, L., Zillikens, C., Rivadeneira Ramirez, F., & Oei, E. (2016). Genetics of Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures. Journal of Clinical Densitometry, 19(1), 23–28. doi:10.1016/j.jocd.2015.08.011