Here, we summarise the current clinical knowledge on Ara h 6 sensitisation and clinical relevance of this sensitisation pattern using five illustrative clinical cases. The literature search yielded a total of 166 papers, and an additional relevant article was found by ‘snowballing’. A total of ten articles were considered relevant for this review. Most studies included patients with a sensitisation to Ara h 6 and cosensitisation to Ara h 2. Only three studies showed patients with a mono-sensitisation to Ara h 6. This illustrates that Ara h 6 mono-sensitisation has been neglected in literature. We present a case series of five children with sensitisation to peanut component Ara h 6. Only one of these five patients showed Ara h 8 cosensitivity. Three out of the five children had a positive double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC), with moderate to strong reactions. Conclusion: A mono-sensitisation to peanut component Ara h 6 is uncommon but can cause severe allergic reactions. Therefore, the determination of sIgE to Ara h 6 is warranted in patients with a suspected peanut allergy, especially in the absence of sensitisation to Ara h 1, 2, 3 and 9.(Table presented.)

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European Journal of Pediatrics
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van der Valk, H., Schreurs, M., El Bouch, R., Arends, N., & de Jong, N. (2016). Mono-sensitisation to peanut component Ara h 6: a case series of five children and literature review. European Journal of Pediatrics (Vol. 175, pp. 1227–1234). doi:10.1007/s00431-016-2733-7