Background: The effects of child care services on several domains of child development have been extensively investigated, but evidence regarding the effects of child care on language development remains inconclusive. Methods: Within a large-scale population-based study, we examined the longitudinal associations between non-parental child care and language development from 1 to 6 years (n = 5375). Results: Results showed that more hours in non-parental child care were associated with better language abilities. However, more hours in care in the first year of life were associated with less language proficiency at ages 1 to 1.5. At later ages, this effect disappeared and language proficiency increased. Furthermore, children who spent more hours in centre-based care had better language scores than children in home-based care. Ethnicity, socio-economic status, gender or parity did not change these results. Conclusions: This large, multi-ethnic study demonstrates beneficial effects of non-parental child care, particularly centre-based care, on language proficiency later in childhood.

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Keywords Centre-based child care, Infancy, Language development, Longitudinal, Non-parental child care, Preschool
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Journal Child: Care, Health and Development
Luijk, P.C.M, Linting, M, Henrichs, J, Herba, C.M, Verhage, M.L, Schenk, J.J, … van IJzendoorn, M.H. (2015). Hours in non-parental child care are related to language development in a longitudinal cohort study. Child: Care, Health and Development, 41(6), 1188–1198. doi:10.1111/cch.12238