Homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HoFH) is a rare genetic disease characterised by markedly elevated plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C). Lomitapide is a microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) inhibitor approved as an adjunct to other lipid-lowering therapies (LLTs), with or without lipoprotein apheresis (LA), for the treatment of adult HoFH. Diet with <20% calories from fat is required. Due to a varying genetic and phenotypic profile of patients with HoFH, individual patients may respond to therapy differently; therefore examining individual cases in a 'real-world' setting provides valuable information on the effective day-to-day management of HoFH cases. Four HoFH cases were selected for analysis and discussion: a 20-year-old female compound heterozygote; a 62-year old female homozygote; a 42-year-old female compound heterozygote; and a 36-year-old male homozygote. Each patient was commenced on lomitapide according to the prescribed protocol and subjected to routine follow-up. All four patients experienced clinically meaningful reductions in LDL-C levels of 35-73%. Three of the patients had evidence of steatosis or mildly elevated liver function tests) before lomitapide was started, but effects of lomitapide on hepatic function were not universal. Three of the patients experienced gastrointestinal adverse events, but were managed with appropriate dietary control. Lomitapide is an effective adjunct LLT in the management of patients with HoFH, with or without LA. Real-world use of lomitapide has a side-effect profile consistent with clinical trials and one that can be managed by adherence to recommendations on dose escalation, dietary modification and dietary supplements.

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doi.org/10.1016/j.jacl.2015.05.001, hdl.handle.net/1765/83888
Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Department of Internal Medicine

Roeters van Lennep, J., Averna, M., & Alonso, R. (2015). Treating homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia in a real-world setting: Experiences with lomitapide. Journal of Clinical Lipidology, 9(4), 607–617. doi:10.1016/j.jacl.2015.05.001