Regulation of chromatin structure is an essential component of the DNA damage response (DDR), which effectively preserves the integrity of DNA by a network of multiple DNA repair and associated signaling pathways. Within the DDR, chromatin is modified and remodeled to facilitate efficient DNA access, to control the activity of repair proteins and to mediate signaling. The mammalian ISWI family has recently emerged as one of the major ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex families that function in the DDR, as it is implicated in at least 3 major DNA repair pathways: homologous recombination, non-homologous end-joining and nucleotide excision repair. In this review, we discuss the various manners through which different ISWI complexes regulate DNA repair and how they are targeted to chromatin containing damaged DNA.

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Cell Cycle
Department of Molecular Genetics

Aydin, H. I., Vermeulen, W., & Lans, H. (2014). ISWI chromatin remodeling complexes in the DNA damage response. Cell Cycle (Vol. 13, pp. 3016–3025). doi:10.4161/15384101.2014.956551