Tacrolimus, a dual substrate of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 has a narrow therapeutic index and is characterized by high between-subject variability in oral bioavailability. This study investigated the effects of the recently described CYP3A4∗22 intron 6 C>T single nucleotide polymorphism on in vivo CYP3A4 activity as measured by midazolam (MDZ) clearance and tacrolimus pharmacokinetics in two cohorts of renal allograft recipients, taking into account the CYP3A5∗1/∗3 genotype and other determinants of drug disposition. In CYP3A5 non-expressers, the presence of one CYP3A4∗22T-allele was associated with a 31.7-33.6% reduction in MDZ apparent oral clearance, reflecting reduced in vivo CYP3A4 activity. In addition, at ≥12 months after transplantation, steady-state clearance of tacrolimus was 36.8% decreased compared with homozygous CYP3A4∗22CC-wild type patients, leading to 50% lower dose requirements. Both concurrent observations in stable renal allograft recipients are consistent with a reduced in vivo CYP3A4 activity for the CYP3A4∗22T-allele.

doi.org/10.1038/tpj.2014.49, hdl.handle.net/1765/84032
The Pharmacogenomics Journal

De Jonge, H., Elens, L., De Loor, H., van Schaik, R., & Kuypers, D. (2015). The CYP3A4∗22 C>T single nucleotide polymorphism is associated with reduced midazolam and tacrolimus clearance in stable renal allograft recipients. The Pharmacogenomics Journal, 15(2), 144–152. doi:10.1038/tpj.2014.49