Purpose: To evaluate pharmacokinetic profile, biodistribution and therapeutic effect of cationic thermosensitive liposomes (CTSL) encapsulating doxorubicin (Dox) upon mild hyperthermia (HT). Methods: Non-targeted thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) and CTSL were developed, loaded with Dox and characterized. Blood kinetics and biodistribution of Dox-TSL and Dox-CTSL were followed in B16BL6 tumor bearing mice upon normothermia (NT) or initial hyperthermia conditions. Efficacy study in B16BL6 tumor bearing mice was followed with Dox-TSL or Dox-CTSL upon NT or HT. Efficacy study in LLC tumor bearing mice was performed upon two HT conditions. Intravital microscopy was performed on B16BL6 tumors implanted in dorsal-skin fold window-bearing mice. Results: Targeting did not cause faster blood clearance of CTSL compared to TSL. Highest uptake of liposomes was observed in spleen, kidneys and liver. Applying HT prior to CTSL administration increased drug delivery to the tumor and CTSL delivered ∼1.7 fold higher Dox concentration compared to TSL. Efficacy in B16BL6 murine melanoma showed that HT had a significant effect on CTSL in tumor suppression and prolonged survival. Efficacy in LLC Lewis lung carcinoma tumor model demonstrates that two HT treatments hold promises for a successful treatment option. Conclusion: CTSL have potency to increase drug efficacy in tumors due to their targeted and drug release functions.

Additional Metadata
Keywords cationic thermosensitive liposomes, doxorubicin, hyperthermia, therapeutic efficacy
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11095-015-1815-y, hdl.handle.net/1765/84147
Journal Pharmaceutical Research
Citation
Dicheva, B.M, Seynhaeve, A.L.B, Soulie, T, Eggermont, A.M.M, ten Hagen, T.L.M, & Koning, G.A. (2016). Pharmacokinetics, Tissue Distribution and Therapeutic Effect of Cationic Thermosensitive Liposomal Doxorubicin Upon Mild Hyperthermia. Pharmaceutical Research, 33(3), 627–638. doi:10.1007/s11095-015-1815-y