Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis typing was performed on a retrospective set of 129 Moraxella catarrhalis isolates obtained over a 20 month period from 70 children admitted to, or presenting at, the Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. The mean age of the children (at the end of the study) was 2.5 years, with a range of 6 months to 15 years. Fifty-one different M. catarrhalis types were isolated from the hospitalized children, with 31 % (22/70) being infected with two particularly prevalent M. catarrhalis types. These two prevalent types also exhibited different protein profiles. The majority (72%; 16/22) of the children infected with these two predominant types had spent at least 1 week on two paediatric intensive care wards. No exacerbation of existing disease or new disease was observed in children who experienced M. catarrhalis type changes.

*Hospitalization, Adolescent, Bacterial Typing Techniques, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross Infection/*epidemiology/microbiology, Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field, Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/*epidemiology/microbiology, Humans, Infant, Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis/*classification/*genetics, Netherlands/epidemiology, Prevalence, Retrospective Studies, Variation (Genetics)
hdl.handle.net/1765/8421
Journal of Medical Microbiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Hays, J.P, Eadie, K, Verduin, C.M, Hazelzet, J.A, van Belkum, A.F, & Verbrugh, H.A. (2003). Changes in genetic types and population dynamics of Moraxella catarrhalis in hospitalized children are not associated with an exacerbation of existing disease. Journal of Medical Microbiology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8421