Chronic cough is a common problem in childhood. Viral infections are the most prevalent cause, but other rarer disorders should be excluded whenever cough appears unusually severe and/or frequent, and when there is evidence of failure to thrive and growth retardation. The younger the child, the more the need to exclude underlying disease at an early stage. Passive smoking is an important contributor to chronic cough in children. Chronic productive cough with purulent sputum is always reason for concern in children and is not common as a symptom of asthma. More or less specific diagnoses in children include cystic fibrosis, aspirated foreign body, congenital anatomic abnormalities and primary ciliary dyskinesia.

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Thorax: an international journal of respiratory medicine
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

de Jongste, J., & Shields, M. D. (2003). Cough . 2: Chronic cough in children. Thorax: an international journal of respiratory medicine. Retrieved from