This paper studies the effects that oil extraction activities in Colombia have on the number of dead/injured people as a consequence of road-related accidents. Starting in 2004, the increasing exploitation of oil wells in some Colombian departments has worsened the traffic conditions due to the increased presence of trucks transporting crude oil from the wells to the refineries; this phenomenon has not been accompanied by an improvement in the road system with dramatic consequences in terms of road viability. The descriptive and empirical analysis presented here focuses on the period 2004–2011; results from descriptive statistics indicate a positive relationship between the presence of oil extraction activities and the number of either dead/injured people. Panel regressions for the period 2004–2011 confirm that, among other factors, the presence of oil-extraction activities did play a positive and statistical significant role in increasing the number of dead/injured people.

Colombia, oil extraction activities, panel data, road traffic fatalities
dx.doi.org/10.1080/17457300.2015.1047863, hdl.handle.net/1765/85031
International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Tasciotti, L, Alejo, D, & Romero, A. (2016). Oil industry and road traffic fatalities in contemporary Colombia. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 23(4), 362–372. doi:10.1080/17457300.2015.1047863