In the medical literature, many case histories and review articles have been written about the misinterpretation of skin findings as child abuse; these may concern normal variants, typical dermatological disorders, or artifacts (traditional medicine, pediatric condition falsification, or postmortem changes) (Nong The Anh 1976; Yeatman et al. 1976; Waskerwitz et al. 1981; Oates 1984; Kirschner and Stein 1985; Wheeler and Hobbs 1988; Oranje and Bilo 2011).