Sustainability indicators have been broadly used to assess energy technologies both at the national and local levels. However, very few studies have addressed the issue of resilience of energy technologies. Moreover, there is a lack of an integrated framework that combines both sustainability and resilience indicators for the assessment of energy technologies. The aim of this paper is to present the development of an integrated framework of sustainability and resilience indicators for the assessment of low-carbon energy technologies at the local level in Europe. The selection of indicators is based on a modified ‘3S’ approach, composed of literature review, self-validation, scientific validation, and social validation. The study incorporates local stakeholders’ feedback on the selection and validation of evaluation criteria based on a European survey. The vast majority of respondents approved and validated the indicators that were selected through the internal and experts’ validation steps.

indicators selection and validation, integrated assessment framework, local stakeholders, low-carbon energy technologies, Sustainability and resilience indicators
dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2015.1130709, hdl.handle.net/1765/85245
International Journal of Sustainable Energy
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Grafakos, S, Enseñado, E.M, & Flamos, A. (2017). Developing an integrated sustainability and resilience framework of indicators for the assessment of low-carbon energy technologies at the local level. International Journal of Sustainable Energy, 36(10), 945–971. doi:10.1080/14786451.2015.1130709