In this chapter we present an empirically-based theory-independent framework of online radicalization. The framework provides a systematic basis for (a) the representation of causal mechanisms of online radicalization and (b) the identification of radicalized individuals. Its application lies in informing models of online radicalization, guiding the formulation of policies, and identifying gaps in our current knowledge of online radicalization.

Behavioral indicators, Causal relations, Identification of radicalized individuals, Online radicalization, Theoretical framework,
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Bayerl, P.S, Staniforth, A, Akhgar, B, Brewster, B, & Johnson, K. (2013). A Framework for the Investigation and Modeling of Online Radicalization and the Identification of Radicalized Individuals. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-411474-6.00033-5