Recently, we developed a technique that allows the in vivo visualization in man of somatostatin receptor-positive neuroendocrine tumors after i.v. injection of [125I-Tyr3]octreotide or [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]octreotide. Radiotherapy of such tumors using somatostatin analogs coupled to alpha- or beta-emitting radionuclides has been proposed as an application for radiolabeled somatostatin analogs. To develop this concept further, it is of importance to know whether the above-mentioned radiolabeled somatostatin analogs are internalized by the tumor cells, and whether it might be possible to manipulate the degree of internalization. In the present study we investigated the internalization of a stable somatostatin analog, [125I-Tyr3]octreotide, by mouse AtT20/D16V pituitary tumor cells and primary cultures of human GH-secreting pituitary tumor cells. Treatment of the cells with low pH was used to distinguish between membrane-bound (acid-releasable) and internalize (acid-resistant) radioligand. [125I-Tyr3]octreotide showed a time-dependent increasing accumulation in AtT20 cells; after 4 h of incubation, values up to 6-8% of the dose of radioligand added were obtained. Binding and internalization of [125I-Tyr3]octreotide were temperature dependent and inhibited by pertussis toxin. Inhibitors of lysosomal degradation did not increase the amount of internalized radioligand. After 4 h of incubation, 88% of the radioactivity present in the cells was still peptide bound, suggesting a low intracellular breakdown of this radioligand. Six of seven human GH-secreting adenoma cell cultures also internalized [125I-Tyr3]octreotide (variation between 0.24-4.98% of the dose radioligand added). Displacement of binding and internalization of [125I-Tyr3]octreotide by unlabeled octreotide showed a bell-shaped curve in AtT20 cells. At low concentrations (0.1 and 1 nM), binding and internalization were increased, whereas at higher concentrations, saturation occurred. In contrast to this, binding of [125I-Tyr3]octreotide to a broken cell preparation of AtT20 cells was displaced in a dose-dependent manner by unlabeled octreotide, with an IC50 of 0.1 nM. Similar observations were made in the human GH-secreting adenoma cell cultures. In conclusion, a high amount of [125I-Tyr3]octreotide is internalized in a specific-, time-, temperature-, and pertussis toxin-sensitive GTP-binding protein-dependent manner by mouse AtT20 and human GH-secreting pituitary tumor cells. In the presence of a low concentration of unlabeled octreotide, a rapid increase in the amount of [125I-Tyr3]octreotide internalized by AtT20 cells and by the majority of the human GH-secreting adenoma cell cultures was found.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Hofland, L., van Koetsveld, P., Waaijers, M., Zuyderwijk, J., Breeman, W., & Lamberts, S. (1995). Internalization of the radioiodinated somatostatin analog [125I-Tyr3]octreotide by mouse and human pituitary tumor cells: increase by unlabeled octreotide. Endocrinology. Retrieved from