In 2011, the American Heart Association added preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and delivery of a growth-restricted child as pregnancy-related risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This move was applauded by the obstetric research community, which for some years had emphasized the importance of pregnancy as a stress test for detecting women at excessive risk for premature CVD.,
Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics

Staff, A.C, Redman, C.W, Williams, D, Leeson, P, Moe, K, Thilaganathan, B, … Roberts, J.M. (2016). Pregnancy and Long-Term Maternal Cardiovascular Health: Progress Through Harmonization of Research Cohorts and Biobanks. Hypertension (Vol. 67, pp. 251–260). doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.115.06357