Efficacy and Outcome of Allogeneic Transplantation in IgD and Nonsecretory Myeloma. A Report on Behalf of the Myeloma Subcommittee of the Chronic Malignancies Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation , Volume 21 - Issue 6 p. 1054- 1058
We have recently reported on the outcome of autologous transplantation in the rare myelomas (IgD, IgE, IgM, and nonsecretory [NS]) but there is no real information on the outcome of these conditions after allogeneic transplantation. We used the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation myeloma database to compare the outcomes after allogeneic transplantation of 1354 common myelomas (IgG, IgA, and light chain myeloma) with the outcome in 26 IgD myelomas and 52 NS myelomas. There was little difference between common and the IgD and NS myeloma patients with respect to prognostic factors although the IgD group had a higher beta 2 microglobulin at diagnosis, shorter time to transplantation, and more T cell depletion. IgD and NS patients had a significantly greater achievement of complete remission at conditioning but this did not translate into equivalent progression-free survival and overall survival for the IgD patients although the NS outcome was very similar to that of common myeloma. The PFS and OS of IgD, common, and NS myelomas appear similar after allogeneic transplantation, despite a tendency for higher early relapse rate in IgD myeloma. Allogeneic transplantation may, therefore, be an option to investigate in prospective observational studies.
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|Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
|Erasmus MC Cancer Institute
Morris, C., Iacobelli, S., Gahrton, G., van Biezen, A., Drake, M., Garderet, L., … de Witte, T. (2015). Efficacy and Outcome of Allogeneic Transplantation in IgD and Nonsecretory Myeloma. A Report on Behalf of the Myeloma Subcommittee of the Chronic Malignancies Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, 21(6), 1054–1058. doi:10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.02.012