To locate in detail the regions in the human androgen receptor (AR) involved in transcription activation, a series of N-terminal deletions was introduced in the wild type AR and in a constitutively active AR. The different constructs were tested for their capacity to activate transcription. Almost the entire N-terminal domain (residues 1-485) was necessary for full wild type AR activity when cotransfected with the (GRE)2tkCAT reporter in HeLa cells. In contrast, a smaller part of the N-terminal domain (amino acids 360-528) was sufficient for the constitutively active AR to induce transcription of the same (GRE)2tkCAT reporter in HeLa cells. This demonstrates the capacity of the AR to use different regions in the N-terminal domain as transcription activation units (TAUs). To obtain additional information of AR N-terminal TAUs, the GAL4 DNA binding domain was linked to either the entire or parts of the AR N-terminal domain and cotransfected with the (UAS)2tkCAT reporter in HeLa cells. The results confirmed that the first 485 amino acid residues accommodate a transcription activation function. When the chimeric AR-GAL4 constructs were tested on a different reporter ((UAS)5E1bCAT), a small shift in position of the TAU, responsible for full transcription activation, was observed. The data presented show that the size and location of the active TAU in the human AR is variable, being dependent on the promoter context and the presence or absence of the ligand binding domain.

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Journal of Biological Chemistry
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Jenster, G.W, van der Korput, H.A.G.M, Trapman, J, & Brinkmann, A.O. (1995). Identification of two transcription activation units in the N-terminal domain of the human androgen receptor. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Retrieved from