Objective: We evaluated the ultrasound appearance of brain volume and cortical development in fetuses with early growth restriction and placental insufficiency. Methods: We examined a cohort of 20 fetuses with severe intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and evidence of placental insufficiency by three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound between 24 and 34 weeks. We graded cortical development and measured the supratentorial intracranial volume. The cortical grading and volume were compared to data obtained from a reference population of 28 adequate for gestational age (AGA) fetuses. Results: Ultrasound examinations were performed in 20 fetuses with IUGR. The biometry and brain volume were significantly reduced in IUGR fetuses. There was evidence of accelerated cortical development in IUGR fetuses. Conclusion: This study confirms that the smaller brain volume in IUGR fetuses, with normal or accelerated cortical maturation as previously depicted with postnatal MRI examination, can be demonstrated by prenatal 3D ultrasound.

Brain, cerebral cortex, fetal growth restriction, ultrasound
dx.doi.org/10.3109/14767058.2014.953474, hdl.handle.net/1765/85529
The Journal of Maternal - Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Businelli, C, De Wit, C, Visser, G.H.A, & Pistorius, L.R. (2015). Ultrasound evaluation of cortical brain development in fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction. The Journal of Maternal - Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 28(11), 1302–1307. doi:10.3109/14767058.2014.953474