Oxygenation measurement by multi-wavelength oxygen-dependent phosphorescence and delayed fluorescence: Catchment depth and application in intact heart
Journal of Biophotonics , Volume 8 - Issue 8 p. 615- 628
Oxygen delivery and metabolism represent key factors for organ function in health and disease. We describe the optical key characteristics of a technique to comprehensively measure oxygen tension (PO<inf>2</inf>) in myocardium, using oxygen-dependent quenching of phosphorescence and delayed fluorescence of porphyrins, by means of Monte Carlo simulations and ex vivo experiments. Oxyphor G2 (microvascular PO<inf>2</inf>) was excited at 442 nm and 632 nm and protoporphyrin IX (mitochondrial PO<inf>2</inf>) at 510 nm. This resulted in catchment depths of 161 (86) μm, 350 (307) μm and 262 (255) μm respectively, as estimated by Monte Carlo simulations and ex vivo experiments (brackets). The feasibility to detect changes in oxygenation within separate anatomical compartments is demonstrated in rat heart in vivo.
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Balestra, G, Aalders, M.J.A.M, Specht, P, Ince, C, & Mik, E.G. (2015). Oxygenation measurement by multi-wavelength oxygen-dependent phosphorescence and delayed fluorescence: Catchment depth and application in intact heart. Journal of Biophotonics, 8(8), 615–628. doi:10.1002/jbio.201400054