The repair of cloacal malformations is most often performed using a posterior sagittal anorecto-vagino-urethroplasty (PSARVUP) or total urogenital mobilization (TUM) with or without laparotomy. The aim of this study was to systematically review the frequency and type of postoperative complication seen after cloacal repair as reported in the literature. A systematic literature search was conducted according to preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines (PRISMA). Eight records were eligible for this study which were qualitatively analyzed according to the Rangel score. Overall complication rates reported in included studies ranged from 0 to 57 %. After meta-analysis of data, postoperative complications were seen in 99 of 327 patients (30 %). The most common reported complications were recurrent or persistent fistula (n = 29, 10 %) and rectal prolapse (n = 27, 10 %). In the PSARVUP group, the complication rate was 40 % and in the TUM group 30 % (p = 0.205). This systematic review shows that postoperative complications after cloacal repair are seen in 30 % of the patients. The complication rates after PSARVUP and TUM were not significantly different. Standardization in reporting of surgical complications would inform further development of surgical approaches. Other techniques aiming to lower postoperative complication rates may also deserve consideration.

Cloacal malformation, Postoperative complication, Surgery, Systematic review,
Techniques in Coloproctology
Department of Pediatric Surgery

Versteegh, H.P, Sutcliffe, J.R, Sloots, C.E.J, Wijnen, R.M.H, & de Blaauw, I. (2015). Postoperative complications after reconstructive surgery for cloacal malformations: a systematic review. Techniques in Coloproctology (Vol. 19, pp. 201–207). doi:10.1007/s10151-015-1265-x