Monitoring strategies in children with asthma: A randomised controlled trial
Background Asthma guidelines recommend monitoring of asthma control. However, in a substantial proportion of children, asthma is poorly controlled and the best monitoring strategy is not known. Objectives We studied two monitoring strategies for their ability to improve asthma outcomes in comparison with standard care (SC): web-based monthly monitoring with the (Childhood) Asthma Control Test (ACT or C-ACT) and 4-monthly monitoring of FE<inf>NO</inf>. Methods In this randomised controlled, partly blinded, parallel group multicentre trial with a 1-year follow-up, children aged 4-18 years with a doctor's diagnosis of asthma treated in seven hospitals were randomised to one of the three groups. In the web group, treatment was adapted according to ACT obtained via a website at 1-month intervals; in the FE<inf>NO</inf> group according to ACT and FE<inf>NO</inf>, and in the SC group according to the ACT at 4-monthly visits. The primary endpoint was the change from baseline in the proportion of symptom-free days (SFD). Results Two-hundred and eighty children (mean age 10.4 years, 66% boys) were included; 268 completed the study. Mean changes from baseline in SFD were similar between the groups: -2.1% (web group, n=90), +8.9% (FE<inf>NO</inf> group, n=91) versus 0.15% (SC, n=87), p=0.15 and p=0.78. Daily dose of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) decreased more in the web-based group compared with both other groups (-200 μg/day, p<0.01), while ACT and SFD remained similar. Conclusions The change from baseline in SFD did not differ between monitoring strategies. With web-based ACT monitoring, ICS could be reduced substantially while control was maintained.
|Thorax: an international journal of respiratory medicine|
|Organisation||Department of Bioinformatics|
van Bergen, S.V, Vaessen-Verberne, A.A.P.H, Brackel, H.J.L, Landstra, A.M, van den Berg, N.J, Hop, W.C.J, … Pijnenburg, M.W.H. (2015). Monitoring strategies in children with asthma: A randomised controlled trial. Thorax: an international journal of respiratory medicine. doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2014-206161