The uptake of [125I]T4 was investigated in cultured anterior pituitary cells isolated from adult fed Wistar rats and cultured for 3 days in medium containing 10% fetal calf serum. Experiments were performed with [125I]T4 (10(5) to 2 x 10(6) cpm; 0.35-7 nM) in medium containing 0.5% or 0.1% BSA. The uptake of [125I]T4 increased with time and showed equilibrium after around 1 h of incubation. The presence of 10 microM unlabeled T4 during incubation decreased the uptake of [125I]T4 by 65-70% at all time intervals. After 24 h of incubation, 1.5% iodide and 3.2% conjugates were detected in the medium, whereas around 20% of cellular radioactivity represented [125I]T3. The 15-min uptake of [125I]T4 was significantly reduced by simultaneous incubation with 100 nM T4 (by 24%; P < 0.05), 100 nM T3 (by 38%; P < 0.001), or 10 microM rT3 (by 32%; P < 0.001), whereas 10 microM tetraiodothyroacetic acid (Tetrac) had no effect. Furthermore, preincubation (30 min) and incubation (15 min) with 10 microM monodansylcadaverine, oligomycin, or monensin reduced the uptake of [125I]T4 by 30%, 50%, and 40%, respectively (all P < 0.001). Substitution of Na+ in the buffer by K+ diminished the uptake of [125I]T4 by 39% (P < 0.005); 2 mM phenylalanine, tyrosine, or tryptophan reduced [125I]T4 uptake by 18% (P < 0.05), 18% (P = NS), and 33% (P < 0.005), respectively. Our data suggest that the pituitary contains a specific carrier-mediated energy-requiring mechanism for [125I]T4 uptake that is partly dependent on the Na+ gradient. In addition, part of [125I]T4 uptake in the pituitary might occur through an amino acid transport system. When expressed per pM of free hormone, the 15-min uptake of [125I]T4 was approximately as high as that of [125I]T3. Because the reduction of [125I]T4 uptake by T4, T3, monodansylcadaverine, oligomycin, and monensin was roughly the same as the previously reported reduction of [125I]T3 uptake by the same compounds, it is further suggested that T4 and T3 share a common carrier in cultured anterior pituitary cells.

Animals, Binding, Competitive, Cadaverine/analogs & derivatives/pharmacology, Cell Membrane/metabolism, Cells, Cultured, Iodine Radioisotopes, Kinetics, Male, Monensin/pharmacology, Oligomycins/pharmacology, Pituitary Gland, Anterior/*metabolism, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Serum Albumin, Bovine/pharmacology, Thyroxine/analogs & derivatives/*metabolism, Triiodothyronine, Reverse/metabolism, Triiodothyronine/metabolism
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Everts, M.E, Docter, R, Moerings, E.P.C.M, van Koetsveld, P.M, Visser, T.J, Krenning, E.P, … de Jong, M. (1994). Uptake of thyroxine in cultured anterior pituitary cells of euthyroid rats. Endocrinology. Retrieved from