Background: Influenza is a common infection among travelers, and attack rates are well documented in short-term travelers and holiday makers. Little data exists on long-term, non-expatriate travelers. Methods: This was a prospective mono-centre study of immunocompetent, Dutch travelers aged ≥18 to 64 years. It was conducted at the Public Health Service travel clinic in Amsterdam from December 2008 to September 2011, and included all travelers intending to travel to a tropical or sub-tropical country. Results: Among 602 Dutch long-term travelers to tropical regions, 82 % had protective influenza antibody titres pre-travel. The influenza attack rate of serologically confirmed infection during travel was 15 %, and of symptomatic infection was 6.3 % (fever alone) and 2 % (ILI), respectively. Conclusions: The attack rate in this study is similar to seasonal rates of infection in the general population. Influenza vaccination pre-travel is therefore most important for people at risk of medical complications due to influenza.

Attack rate, Influenza, Seroconversion, Travelers
dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-016-1502-6, hdl.handle.net/1765/85985
BMC Infectious Diseases
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Whelan, J, Rimmelzwaan, G.F, van den Hoek, A.J.A.R, Belderok, S.-M, & Sonder, G.J.B. (2016). Influenza in long-term Dutch travelers in the tropics: Symptoms and infections. BMC Infectious Diseases, 16(1). doi:10.1186/s12879-016-1502-6