The bacterial microbiota of 15 sigmoid neovaginas, created in patients with congenital vaginal aplasia or male transsexualism, was studied. No specimen was sterile, and only normal inhabitants of the colon were cultured. The total counts of bacteria were lower than those reported for healthy sigmoid colons.

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Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Toolenaar, T.A, Freundt, I, Wagenvoort, J.H, Huikeshoven, F.J, Vogel, M, Jeekel, J, & Drogendijk, A.C. (1993). Bacterial flora of the sigmoid neovagina. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. Retrieved from