Genotyping human papillomavirus type 16 isolates from persistently infected promiscuous individuals and cervical neoplasia patients
Nucleotide sequence variation in the noncoding region of the genome of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) was determined by direct sequencing and single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of DNA fragments amplified by PCR. Individuals of diverse sexual promiscuity and/or cervicopathology were studied. In a group of 14 healthy, monogamous HPV16-positive females, only two HPV16 sequence variants could be documented. Among 17 females and 3 males with multiple sex partners and living in the same geographical region, nine sequence variants were found, whereas among 7 patients with cervical neoplasia from another region, five variants were detected. Although numbers are limited, in the group of individuals at high risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease or with cervical neoplasia, a larger number of HPV16 sequence variants was encountered (two types among 14 individuals versus nine types among 20; Fisher's exact test, P = 0.07). Seven of the individuals were sampled repeatedly over time. For these persistently infected women, no differences in HPV16 sequences were detected, irrespective of promiscuity, and persistence of a single viral variant, spread over multiple anatomic sites, for more than 2 years could be demonstrated. This indicates that viral persistence may be a common feature and that successful superinfection with a new variant may be rare, despite a potentially high frequency of viral reinoculation.
|*Sexual Behavior, Base Sequence, Comparative Study, DNA, Viral/genetics, Female, Genotype, Humans, Male, Molecular Sequence Data, Netherlands/epidemiology, Papillomavirus, Human/classification/*genetics, Papovaviridae Infections/epidemiology/*virology, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Sexual Partners, Tumor Virus Infections/epidemiology/*virology, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/*virology|
|Journal of Clinical Microbiology|
|Organisation||Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam|
van Belkum, A.F, Juffermans, L, Schrauwen, L, Burger, M, van Doornum, G.J.J, & Quint, W.G.V. (1995). Genotyping human papillomavirus type 16 isolates from persistently infected promiscuous individuals and cervical neoplasia patients. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8604