The effects of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) on basal and TRH-induced TSH release, and the effects of IL-1 beta on the uptake of [125I]T3 and [125I]T4 and on nuclear binding of [125I]T3 were examined. Furthermore, the release of other anterior pituitary hormones in the presence of IL-1 beta was measured. Anterior pituitary cells from male Wistar rats were cultured for 3 days in medium containing 10% FCS. Incubation were performed at 37 C in medium with 0.5% BSA for measurement of [125I]T3 uptake and with 0.1% BSA for measurement of [125I]T4 uptake. Exposure to IL-1 beta (1 pM-1 nM) or TNF alpha (100 pM) for 2-4 h resulted in a significant decline in TSH release, which was almost 50% (P < 0.05) for 1 nM IL-1 beta and 24% (P < 0.05) for 100 pM TNF alpha. Measurement of other anterior pituitary hormones (FSH, LH, PRL, and ACTH) in the same incubation medium showed that IL-1 beta did not alter their release. When the effects of IL-1 beta (1 pM-1 nM) and TNF alpha (100 pM) on TRH-induced TSH release were measured in short term experiments, the inhibitory effects had disappeared. The addition of 1-100 nM octreotide, a somatostatin analog, resulted in a decrease in TRH-induced TSH release up to 33% of the control value (P < 0.05). Exposure to dexamethasone (1 nM to 1 microM) affected basal and TRH-induced TSH release similar to the effect of IL-1 beta. The 15-min uptake of [125I]T3 and [125I]T4, expressed as femtomoles per pM free hormone, was not affected by the presence of IL-1 beta (1-100 pM). When IL-1 beta (100 pM) was present during 3 days of culture, TSH release was reduced to 88 +/- 2% of the control value (P < 0.05). This effect was not associated with an altered [125I]T3 uptake (15 min to 4 h) or with any change in nuclear T3 binding. We conclude that 1) IL-1 beta decreases TSH release by a direct action on the pituitary; 2) this effect is not due to elevated thyroid hormone uptake or increase T3 nuclear occupancy; 3) IL-1 beta does not affect TRH-induced TSH release or the release of other anterior pituitary hormones; and 4) TNF alpha affects basal and TRH-induced TSH release in the same way as IL-1 beta.

Animals, Cell Nucleus/drug effects/metabolism, Cells, Cultured, Comparative Study, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone/pharmacology, Culture Media, Dexamethasone/pharmacology, Interleukin-1/*pharmacology, Male, Octreotide/pharmacology, Pituitary Gland, Anterior/*metabolism, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Serum Albumin, Bovine, Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone/pharmacology, Thyrotropin/*secretion, Thyroxine/*metabolism, Triiodothyronine/*metabolism, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Wassen, F.W.J.S, Moerings, E.P.C.M, van Toor, H, de Vrey, E.A, Hennemann, G, & Everts, M.E. (1996). Effects of interleukin-1 beta on thyrotropin secretion and thyroid hormone uptake in cultured rat anterior pituitary cells. Endocrinology. Retrieved from