Objective: To systematically explore the effectiveness and effective components of self-management interventions. Methods: Study selection criteria were: Original articles in English published between 2003 and 2015; focusing on youth with chronic conditions; describing self-management interventions; with clear outcome measures; using RCT design. The random effects analysis was applied in which standardized mean differences per study were calculated. Results: 42 RCTs were included. Interventions focused on medical management, provided individually in clinical settings or at home by mono-disciplinary teams showed a trend in improving adherence. Interventions delivered individually at home by mono-disciplinary teams showed a trend in improving dealing with a chronic condition. Conclusions and practical implications: Adherence could be improved through interventions focused on medical management, provided individually in a clinical or home setting by a mono-disciplinary team. Interventions focused on dealing with a chronic condition might be provided individually, through telemedicine programs facilitating peer-support. These intervention elements seemed effective irrespective of diagnosis, and may therefore act as good starting points for further research into and for improvement of self-management support for youth with chronic conditions in pediatric care. Results underlined the need to systematically develop and evaluate self-management interventions, since this may provide more evidence for effectiveness and effective intervention components.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Adolescent, Child, Chronic disease, Disabled persons, Program evaluation, Self-care, Self-management, Systematic review, Young adult
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2016.02.012, hdl.handle.net/1765/86125
Journal Patient Education and Counseling
Citation
Bal, M.I, Sattoe, J.N.T, Roelofs, P.D.D.M, Bal, R.A, van Staa, A.L, & Miedema, H.S. (2016). Exploring effectiveness and effective components of self-management interventions for young people with chronic physical conditions: A systematic review. Patient Education and Counseling (Vol. 99, pp. 1293–1309). doi:10.1016/j.pec.2016.02.012