Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the association of spirometry and pulmonary CT biomarkers with cardiovascular events.Methods: In this lung cancer screening trial 3,080 male participants without a prior cardiovascular event were analysed. Fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events were included. Spirometry included forced expiratory volume measured in units of one-second percent predicted (FEV1%predicted) and FEV1 divided by forced vital capacity (FVC; FEV1/FVC). CT examinations were quantified for coronary artery calcium volume, pulmonary emphysema (perc15) and bronchial wall thickness (pi10). Data were analysed via a Cox proportional hazard analysis, net reclassification improvement (NRI) and C-indices.Results: 184 participants experienced a cardiovascular event during a median follow-up of 2.9 years. Age, pack-years and smoking status adjusted hazard ratios were 0.992 (95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.985-0.999) for FEV1%predicted, 1.000 (95%CI 0.986-1.015) for FEV1/FVC, 1.014 (95%CI 1.005-1.023) for perc15 per 10 HU, and 1.269 (95%CI 1.024-1.573) for pi10 per 1 mm. The incremental C-index (<0.015) and NRI (<2.8 %) were minimal. Coronary artery calcium volume had a hazard ratio of 1.046 (95%CI 1.034-1.058) per 100 mm3, an increase in C-index of 0.076 and an NRI of 16.9 % (P < 0.0001).Conclusions: Pulmonary CT biomarkers and spirometry measurements were significantly associated with cardiovascular events, but did not contain clinically relevant independent prognostic information for cardiovascular events.

Cardiovascular diseases, Mass screening, Multi-detector computed tomography, Smoking, Spirometry
dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-014-3384-6, hdl.handle.net/1765/86316
European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology
Department of Public Health

Takx, R.A.P, Vliegenthart, R, Hoesein, F.A.M, Isgum, I, de Koning, H.J, Mali, W.P, … de Jong, P.A. (2015). Pulmonary function and CT biomarkers as risk factors for cardiovascular events in male lung cancer screening participants: the NELSON study. European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology, 25(1), 65–71. doi:10.1007/s00330-014-3384-6