Adoptive transfer of T cells gene-engineered with T cell receptors (TCRs) has proven its feasibility and therapeutic potential in the treatment of malignant tumors. To ensure further clinical development of TCR gene therapy, it is necessary to accurately select TCRs that demonstrate antigen-selective responses that are restricted to tumor cells and, at the same time, include strategies that restore or enhance the entry, migration and local accumulation of T cells in tumor tissues. Here, we present the current standing of TCR-engineered T cell therapy, discuss and propose procedures to select TCRs as well as strategies to sensitize the tumor to T cell trafficking, and provide a rationale for combination therapies with TCR-engineered T cells.

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Seminars in Immunology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Debets, R., Donnadieu, E., Chouaib, S., & Coukos, G. (2016). TCR-engineered T cells to treat tumors: Seeing but not touching?. Seminars in Immunology (Vol. 28, pp. 10–21). doi:10.1016/j.smim.2016.03.002