Adrenal oncocytoma is an extremely rare neoplasm, which is mostly non-functional. Only five cases of childhood adrenal oncocytoma have been described so far, all of which were hormonally active. Currently, guidelines for management and follow-up are not available. We report a 9-year-old girl with benign adrenal oncocytoma, presenting with severe short-term virilization. After diagnostic work-up the patient underwent laparoscopic unilateral adrenalectomy. For the first 2 weeks following surgery she suffered marked mood swings, irritability and fatigue. There were no other clinical and/or laboratory abnormalities except the rapid drop-down of androgen levels to normal values. Follow-up showed no signs of recurrence and in the absence of signs of adrenal insufficiency, we speculate that, the rapid drop of androgen levels after removal of the tumor might be the reason for the deteriorated psychoemotional condition of our patient.

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Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
Department of Pathology

Yordanova, G., Iotova, V., Kalchev, K., Ivanov, K., Balev, B., Kolev, N., … Oosterhuis, W. (2015). Virilizing adrenal oncocytoma in a 9-year-old girl: Rare neoplasm with an intriguing postoperative course. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism, 28(5-6), 685–690. doi:10.1515/jpem-2014-0308