Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) is a standard of care in multiple myeloma (MM) patients aged <65 years. To understand age-related trends in utilisation and outcome of AHCT, we analysed 53 675 MM patients who underwent a first AHCT in 31 European countries between 1991 and 2010. The number of patients undergoing AHCT increased for all age groups (<40, 40-49, 50-59, 60-64, 65-69 and ≥70 years) throughout the observation period. The highest increase was observed for patients aged ≥65 years, who accounted for 3% of AHCTs in 1991-1995 and for 18.8% of AHCTs in 2006-2010. Risk factors associated with survival over the entire observation period (P<0.001) were calendar period, remission status at AHCT, gender, disease duration before AHCT and age. Survival improved considerably more in older than in younger patients in recent years. In 2006-2010, median 2- and 5-year post-transplant survival ranged from 85.9 and 61.5% in patients <40 years to 80.2 and 49.7% in those ≥70 years. All-cause day-100 mortality decreased throughout the observation period to ≤2.4% for all age groups in 2006-2010. The results of this study demonstrate increased utilisation and safety of AHCT with improved post-transplant survival particularly in elderly MM patients in recent years in Europe.,
Bone Marrow Transplantation

Auner, H., Szydlo, R., J. Hoek, Goldschmidt, H., Stoppa, A. M., Morgan, G., … Kröger, N. (2015). Trends in autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation for multiple myeloma in Europe: Increased use and improved outcomes in elderly patients in recent years. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 50(2), 209–215. doi:10.1038/bmt.2014.255