Analytical and biological components of variability and various derived indices have been determined for lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], homocysteine (Hcy), cysteine (Cys), and total antioxidant status (TAOS) in ostensibly healthy adult Caucasians and in stable outpatients with an increased serum Lp(a). In healthy Caucasians, average intraindividual biological CVs (CVb) were 20.0% for Lp(a), 9.4% for Hcy, 5.9% for Cys, and 2.8% for TAOS, CVbs being similar in men and women. In the outpatient group, CVbs were comparable for Hcy, Cys, and TAOS, but significantly lower for Lp(a) (7.5% vs 20.0%; P <0.0001). Moreover, a significant inverse relation between both biological and analytical CVs (CVa) and serum Lp(a) concentrations was demonstrated. We conclude that average CVa and CVb values, and hence average derived indices, are adequate for Hcy, Cys, and TAOS, whereas individual values should be used for Lp(a).

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Clinical Chemistry
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Cobbaert, C., Arentsen, J. C., Hoogerbrugge, N., Lindemans, J., & Mulder, P. (1997). Significance of various parameters derived from biological variability of lipoprotein(a), homocysteine, cysteine, and total antioxidant status. Clinical Chemistry. Retrieved from