Androgen receptor-positive LNCaP cells were stably transfected with a rat glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression plasmid. Ligand-binding studies in the generated cell lines revealed high-affinity binding of the cognate ligands to their receptors. Transfection experiments with the newly derived cell lines showed that, like androgen receptor, GR can induce activity of a prostate-specific antigen promoter fragment linked to the luciferase gene. Similarly, dexamethasone can stimulate expression of endogenous prostate-specific antigen messenger RNA. Cell proliferation could be induced by R1881. In contrast, dexamethasone treatment of the GR-positive sublines had no stimulatory effect on cell growth. Using the differential display technique, a so far unknown complementary DNA fragment, designated 21.1, specifically induced by androgens and not by glucocorticoids, has been identified. In conclusion, the newly generated cell lines, together with the parental LNCaP cell line, form an attractive system with which to study the mechanism of specificity of steroid hormone regulation of gene expression.

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Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Cleutjens, K., Steketee, K., van Eekelen, C., van der Korput, J. A., Brinkmann, A., & Trapman, J. (1997). Both androgen receptor and glucocorticoid receptor are able to induce prostate-specific antigen expression, but differ in their growth-stimulating properties of LNCaP cells. Endocrinology. Retrieved from