Objectives: To determine patient independency, health-related and disease-specific quality of life (QOL), gait pattern, and muscle strength in patients after salvage arthroplasty for failed internal fixation of a femoral neck fracture.Design: Secondary cohort study to a randomized controlled trial.\r\nSetting: Multicenter trial in the Netherlands, including 14 academic and nonacademic hospitals.\r\nPatients: Patients after salvage arthroplasty for failed internal fixation of a femoral neck fracture were studied. A comparison was made with patients who healed uneventfully after internal fixation. Intervention: None (observatory study). Main Outcome Measurements: Patient characteristics, SF-12, and Western Ontario McMaster osteoarthritis index scores were collected. Gait parameters were measured using plantar pressure measurement. Maximum isometric forces of the hip muscles were measured using a handheld dynamometer. Differences between the fractured and contralateral leg were calculated. Groups were compared using univariate analysis.\r\nResults: Of 248 internal fixation patients (median age, 72 years), salvage arthroplasty was performed in 68 patients (27%). Salvage arthroplasty patients had a significantly lower Western Ontario McMaster osteoarthritis index score (median, 73 vs. 90; P = 0.016) than patients who healed uneventfully after internal fixation. Health-related QOL (SF-12) and patient independency did not differ significantly between the groups. Gait analysis showed a significantly impaired progression of the center of pressure in the salvage surgery patients (median ratio, 28.9 vs. 0.4, P = 0.013) and a significant greater loss of abduction strength (median, 225.4 vs. 220.4 N, P = 0.025).\r\nConclusions: Despite a similar level of dependency and QOL, salvage arthroplasty patients have inferior functional outcome than patients who heal after internal fixation of a femoral neck fracture.

Femoral neck fracture, Functional outcome, Hip fracture, Internal fixation, Salvage arthroplasty
hdl.handle.net/1765/87419
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine

Zielinski, S.M, Keijsers, E, Praet, S.F.E, Heetveld, M.J, Bhandari, M, Wilssens, J.P, … van Lieshout, E.M.M. (2014). Functional outcome after successful internal fixation versus salvage arthroplasty of patients with a femoral neck fracture. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 28(12), e273–e280. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/87419