During the last decades, the clinical and research interest in atherosclerosis has been mostly focused on coronary arteries. After the publications of the European Society Guidelines and AHA/ACC Guidelines on Peripheral artery diseases, and of the Registry REduction in Atherothrombosis for Continued Health Registry, there has been an increased interest in atherosclerosis of the lower extremity arteries and its presence in multifocal disease. However, awareness in the general population and the medical community of non-coronary artery diseases, and of its major prognostic implications remain relatively low. The aim of this general review stemming out of an ESC Working Group on Peripheral Circulation meeting in 2011 is to enhance awareness of this complex disease highlighting the importance of the involvement of atherosclerosis at different levels with respect to clinical presentation, diagnosis, and co-existence of the disease in the distinct arterial territories. We also emphasize the need of an interdisciplinary approach to face the broad and complex spectrum of multifocal disease, and try to propose a series of tentative recommendations and measures to be implemented in non-coronary atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis, Peripheral artery circulation
dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehu071, hdl.handle.net/1765/87638
European Heart Journal
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Gallino, A, Aboyans, V, Diehm, N, Cosentino, F, Stricker, H, Falk, E, … Baumgartner, I. (2014). Non-coronary atherosclerosis. European Heart Journal, 35(17), 1112–1119. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehu071