A hyperthermia treatment requires accurate, patient-specific treatment planning. This planning is based on 3D anatomical models which are generally derived from computed tomography. Because of its superior soft tissue contrast, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) information can be introduced to improve the quality of these 3D patient models and therefore the treatment planning itself. Thus, we present here an automatic atlas-based segmentation algorithm for MR images of the head and neck. Our method combines multiatlas local weighting fusion with intensity modelling. The accuracy of the method was evaluated using a leave-one-out cross validation experiment over a set of 11 patients for which manual delineation were available. The accuracy of the proposed method was high both in terms of the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and the 95th percentile Hausdorff surface distance (HSD) with median DSC higher than 0.8 for all tissues except sclera. For all tissues, except the spine tissues, the accuracy was approaching the interobserver agreement/variability both in terms of DSC and HSD. The positive effect of adding the intensity modelling to the multiatlas fusion decreased when a more accurate atlas fusion method was used. Using the proposed approach we improved the performance of the approach previously presented for H&N hyperthermia treatment planning, making the method suitable for clinical application.

Additional Metadata
Keywords atlas-based method, graph cut, hyperthermia, image segmentation, MRI, treatment planning
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1088/0031-9155/60/16/6547, hdl.handle.net/1765/87894
Journal Physics in Medicine and Biology
Fortunati, V, Verhaart, R.F, Niessen, W.J, Veenland, J.F, Paulides, M.M, & van Walsum, T.W. (2015). Automatic tissue segmentation of head and neck MR images for hyperthermia treatment planning. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 60(16), 6547–6562. doi:10.1088/0031-9155/60/16/6547