The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ureteral length on urological complications. Data were retrospective collected from the INEX-trial database, a RCT to compare the intravesical to the extravesical ureteroneocystostomy. Ureteral length was measured in 198 recipients and used to divide recipients into three categories based on interquartile ranges: short (≤8.5 cm), medium (8.6-10.9 cm) and long ureters (≥11 cm). Urological complications were defined as the number of percutaneous nephrostomy placements (PCN). Fifty recipients fell into the short, 98 into the medium and 50 recipients into the long ureter category. Median follow-up was 26 (range 2-45) months. There was no significant difference in number of PCN placements between the categories. There were 9 (18%) PCN placements in the short ureter category, 21 (20%) in medium ureter category and 10 (21%) in the long ureter category, P = 0.886. Risk factor analysis for gender, arterial multiplicity and type of ureteroneocystostomy showed no differences in PCN placements between the three ureteral length categories. We conclude that ureteral length alone does not seem to influence the number of urological complications.

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Transplant International
Department of Internal Medicine

Ooms, L., Slagt, I., Dor, F., Kimenai, H., Tran, K., Betjes, M., … Terkivatan, T. (2015). Ureteral length in live donor kidney transplantation; Does size matter?. Transplant International, 28(11), 1326–1331. doi:10.1111/tri.12635