Introduction: Although bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) have been used with promising results in patients with stable and unstable angina, little is known about the acute vascular response following BVS implantation in myocardial infarction. We present angiographic and OCT findings from the first patients undergoing bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation for non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) or ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in our institution. Methods: The first 5 patients with NSTEMI and the first 5 patients with STEMI who underwent BVS implantation in our institution, followed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of the treated culprit vessel, were included in this series. All patients underwent angiographic analysis pre- and post- BVS implantation, as well as OCT analysis, including qualitative and quantitative assessment. Results: Implantation was successful in all cases, as assessed by angiography and OCT. There were no cases with coronary spasm, distal embolization or no-reflow. No adverse clinical events were recorded in any patient at the 6-month follow up. Specific illustrative cases demonstrating the challenges of BVS implantation in myocardial infarction are presented. Conclusions: BVS implantation can potentially be used in the setting of thrombotic lesions encountered in myocardial infarction; however, the role of this treatment approach warrants systematic evaluation in prospective studies.

Bioresorbable vascular scaffold, Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, Optical coherence tomography, ST-elevation myocardial infarction
hdl.handle.net/1765/88048
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Karanasos, A, Muramatsu, T, Diletti, R, Nauta, S.T, Onuma, Y, Lenzen, M.J, … van Geuns, R.J.M. (2015). Early and late optical coherence tomography findings following everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold implantation in myocardial infarction: A preliminary report. Hellenic Journal of Cardiology, 56(2), 125–135. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/88048