An association between increased plasma fibrinogen and an increased risk for myocardial infarction (MI) is well established, but the nature of this association is subject to debate. Our aim was to shed light on the potentially causal nature of this association. We examined whether increased plasma fibrinogen, due to a condition that is independent of cardiovascular events, also increases the risk for MI. A case-control study was performed in 139 subjects with a history of MI and 287 control subjects selected from the Rotterdam Study, a population-based cohort of 7983 subjects aged 55 years and older. The genotype of the -455G/A polymorphism in the fibrinogen beta-gene was determined by polymerase chain reaction. Functional plasma fibrinogen levels were determined according to von Clauss. The plasma level of fibrinogen was significantly higher in subjects with one or two A alleles compared with subjects with the GG genotype: 3.8 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.6 to 3.9) g/L and 3.6 (3.5 to 3.7) g/L, respectively. With increasing plasma fibrinogen level, the risk for MI increased gradually; a rise in fibrinogen of 1 g/L was associated with a 45% increased risk (odds ratio adjusted for age, sex, and smoking, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.12 to 1.88). There was no association between the genotype of the -455G/A polymorphism and the risk for MI. The -455G/A polymorphism is therefore associated with increased plasma fibrinogen levels but not with an increased risk for MI. These findings indicate that an increased plasma fibrinogen level due to this genetic factor does not increase the risk for MI.

Aged, Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular Diseases/*blood/genetics, Case-Control Studies, Cholesterol, HDL/blood, Cholesterol/blood, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Fibrinogen/genetics/*metabolism, Genotype, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction/blood/genetics, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Polymorphism, Genetic, Risk Factors, Smoking
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van der Bom, J.G, de Maat, M.P.M, Bots, M.L, Haverkate, F, de Jong, P.T.V.M, Kluft, C, … Hofman, A. (1998). Elevated plasma fibrinogen: cause or consequence of cardiovascular disease?. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. Retrieved from