Context: Although combination therapy of acromegaly with long-acting somatostatin analogs (LA-SSAs) and pegvisomant (PEGV) normalizes insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) levels in the majority of patients, it requires long-term adherence. Switching from combination therapy to monotherapy with weekly PEGV could improve patients' comfort, but the efficacy is unknown. Objective: To assess the efficacy of switching to PEGV monotherapy in patients well controlled on combination therapy of LA-SSAs and PEGV. Design: Single-center, open-label observational pilot study. LA-SSA therapy was discontinued at baseline and all patients were switched to PEGV monotherapy for 12 months. If IGF1 levels exceeded 1.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN), PEGV dose was increased by 20 mg weekly. Subjects and methods: The study included 15 subjects (eight males), with a median age of 58 years (range 35 - 80) on combination therapy of high-dose LA-SSAs and weekly PEGV for >6 months, and IGF1 levels within the normal range. Treatment efficacy was assessed by measuring serum IGF1 levels. Results: After 12 months of weekly PEGV monotherapy, serum IGF1 levels of 73% of the subjects remained controlled. In one patient, LA-SSA had to be restarted due to recurrence of headache. IGF1 levels increased from a baseline level of 0.62 × ULN (range 0.30 - 0.84) to 0.83 × ULN (0.30 - 1.75) after 12 months, while the median weekly PEGV dose increased from 60 (30 - 80) mg to 80 (50 - 120) mg. Conclusion: Our results suggest that switching from combination therapy of LA-SSAs and PEGV to PEGV monotherapy can be a viable treatment option for acromegaly patients without compromising efficacy.

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Journal European Journal of Endocrinology
Muhammad, A, van der Lely, A-J, O'connor, R.D, Delhanty, P.J.D, Dal, J, Dallenga, A.H.G, … Neggers, S.J.C.M.M. (2016). What is the efficacy of switching to weekly pegvisomant in acromegaly patients well controlled on combination therapy?. European Journal of Endocrinology, 174(5), 663–667. doi:10.1530/EJE-15-1150