Content: Medical schools aim to graduate medical doctors who are able to self-regulate their learning. It is therefore important to investigate whether medical students’ self-regulated learning skills change during medical school. In addition, since these skills are expected to be helpful to learn more effectively, it is of interest to investigate whether these skills are related to academic performance. Methods: In a cross-sectional design, the Self-Regulation of Learning Self-Report Scale (SRL-SRS) was used to investigate the change in students’ self-regulated learning skills. First and third-year students (N = 949, 81.7%) SRL-SRS scores were compared with ANOVA. The relation with academic performance was investigated with multinomial regression analysis. Results: Only one of the six skills, reflection, significantly, but positively, changed during medical school. In addition, a small, but positive relation of monitoring, reflection, and effort with first-year GPA was found, while only effort was related to third-year GPA. Conclusions: The change in self-regulated learning skills is minor as only the level of reflection differs between the first and third year. In addition, the relation between self-regulated learning skills and academic performance is limited. Medical schools are therefore encouraged to re-examine the curriculum and methods they use to enhance their students’ self-regulated learning skills. Future research is required to understand the limited impact on performance.

dx.doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2015.1073240, hdl.handle.net/1765/88493
Medical Teacher
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Lucieer, S.M, Jonker, L, Visscher, C, Rikers, R.M.J.P, & Themmen, A.P.N. (2016). Self-regulated learning and academic performance in medical education. Medical Teacher, 38(6), 585–593. doi:10.3109/0142159X.2015.1073240