Background: This was a two-stage, phase II trial of the dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor BEZ235 in patients with everolimusresistant pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (pNETs) (NCT01658436).
Patients and Methods: In stage 1, 11 patients received 400 mg BEZ235 orally twice daily (bid). Due to tolerability concerns, a further 20 patients received BEZ235 300 mg bid. Stage 2 would be triggered by a 16-week progressionfree survival (PFS) rate of ≥60% in stage 1.
Results: As of 30 June, 2014, 29/31 patients had discontinued treatment. Treatment-related grade 3/4 adverse events were reported in eight (72.7%) patients at 400 mg and eight (40.0%) patients at 300 mg, including hyperglycaemia, diarrhoea, nausea, and vomiting. The estimated 16-week PFS rate was 51.6% (90% confidence interval=35.7-67.3%).
Conclusion: BEZ235 was poorly tolerated by patients with everolimus-resistant pNETs at 400 and 300 mg bid doses. Although evidence of disease stability was observed, the study did not proceed to stage 2.

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Anticancer Research
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Fazio, N., Buzzoni, R., Baudin, E., Antonuzzo, L., Hubner, R. A., Lahner, H., … Verslype, C. (2016). A phase II study of BEZ235 in patients with everolimusresistant, advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours. Anticancer Research, 36(2), 713–720. Retrieved from

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