Purpose To evaluate long-term health effects, costs, and cost-effectiveness of positron emission tomography (PET)-based isotoxic accelerated radiation therapy treatment (PET-ART) compared with conventional fixed-dose CT-based radiation therapy treatment (CRT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods and Materials Our analysis uses a validated decision model, based on data of 200 NSCLC patients with inoperable stage I-IIIB. Clinical outcomes, resource use, costs, and utilities were obtained from the Maastro Clinic and the literature. Primary model outcomes were the difference in life-years (LYs), quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), costs, and the incremental cost-effectiveness and cost/utility ratio (ICER and ICUR) of PET-ART versus CRT. Model outcomes were obtained from averaging the predictions for 50,000 simulated patients. A probabilistic sensitivity analysis and scenario analyses were carried out. Results The average incremental costs per patient of PET-ART were €569 (95% confidence interval [CI] €-5327-€6936) for 0.42 incremental LYs (95% CI 0.19-0.61) and 0.33 QALYs gained (95% CI 0.13-0.49). The base-case scenario resulted in an ICER of €1360 per LY gained and an ICUR of €1744 per QALY gained. The probabilistic analysis gave a 36% probability that PET-ART improves health outcomes at reduced costs and a 64% probability that PET-ART is more effective at slightly higher costs. Conclusion On the basis of the available data, individualized PET-ART for NSCLC seems to be cost-effective compared with CRT.

dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2014.12.012, hdl.handle.net/1765/88622
International Journal of Radiation: Oncology - Biology - Physics
Institute for Medical Technology Assessment (iMTA)

Bongers, M.L, Coupé, V.M.H, de Ruysscher, D.K.M, Oberije, C, Lambin, P, & Uyl-de Groot, C.A. (2015). Individualized positron emission tomography-based isotoxic accelerated radiation therapy is cost-effective compared with conventional radiation therapy: A model-based evaluation. International Journal of Radiation: Oncology - Biology - Physics, 91(4), 857–865. doi:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2014.12.012