A fully automated segmentation for 3D echocardiography (3DE) using 3D Active Appearance Models (AAM) was developed and evaluated on 99 patients. The method used ultrasound specific grey value normalization and two matching algorithms were tested. To our knowledge this is the first report on a fully operational 3D AAM employed in 3DE on a large scale. The 3D AAM detected the endocardial contours accurately, even in the presence of large variations in left ventricular appearance and shape. Matching was successful in 91% of patients and resulted in a median point-tosurface error of 2.69 mm (av±sd: 2.91±1.03mm). Results indicate that fully automated AAM analysis of 3DE is practically feasible in datasets of mixed origin and quality.

3D echocardiography, Active Appearance Models, Automatic segmentation, Left ventricular volume, Ultrasound
dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISBI.2010.5490344, hdl.handle.net/1765/88741
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Leung, K.Y.E, van Stralen, M, van Burken, G, de Jong, N, & Bosch, J.G. (2010). Automatic active appearance model segmentation of 3D echocardiograms. doi:10.1109/ISBI.2010.5490344