Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) gene is an inflammatory mediator expressed in human endometrium during the window of implantation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible genetic association of TFF3 variants in recurrent spontaneous abortion. Women with a history of recurrent spontaneous abortion (n = 164) and healthy pregnant women (n = 143) were genotyped for five TFF3 polymorphisms (rs225439 G/A, rs533093 C/T, rs225361 A/G, rs11701143 T/C and rs77436142 G/C). In addition, haplotypes formed within the gene were analysed. Within the recurrent spontaneous abortion group, women who at some point had given birth and childless women had 4.19 ± 1.75 and 5.34 ± 3.42 consecutive spontaneous abortions, respectively. Women who had experience recurrent spontaneous abortions had a lower allele frequency of the rs11701143 promoter region minor C allele compared with fertile women (0.02 versus 0.05, P = 0.015). Patients with rs225361 AG genotype had significantly more successful pregnancies before spontaneous abortion than those with homozygous AA and GG genotypes (P = 0.014). No significant differences in haplotype frequencies between patients and controls were detected. Possible genetic risk factors identified that might contribute to the pathogenesis of idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion were TFF3 gene variants.

haplotype, intestinal trefoil factor, polymorphism, recurrent miscarriage, trefoil factor
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rbmo.2014.08.007, hdl.handle.net/1765/88855
Reproductive BioMedicine Online: an international journal devoted to biomedical research on human conception and the welfare of the human embryo
Department of Epidemiology

Haroun, S, Altmäe, S, Karypidis, H, Kuningas, M, Landgren, B.-M, Åkerud, H, … Stavreus-Evers, A. (2014). Association between trefoil factor 3 gene variants and idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion. Reproductive BioMedicine Online: an international journal devoted to biomedical research on human conception and the welfare of the human embryo, 29(6), 737–744. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2014.08.007