Both transverse lie and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) are associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality. We present a neonate born at 29 weeks gestation with severe birth trauma after PPROM and transverse lie. The patient had extensive swelling and areas of desquamated and necrotic skin of the right lower limb. Neonatal compartment syndrome (NCS) was suspected. Perfusion of the limb improved after decompressing subcutaneous incisions. A fetus in transverse lie may be mechanically damaged in the case of PPROM, especially at an early gestational age. Early recognition is of great interest in the management and prognosis of NCS.
BMJ Case Reports
Department of Pediatrics

van der Kaay, D.C.M, Horsch, S, & Duvekot, J.J. (2013). Severe neonatal complication of transverse lie after preterm premature rupture of membranes. BMJ Case Reports, 2013. Retrieved from