In recent years, there has been strong interest in leaders' exploration and exploitation activities, especially because of their positive effects on performance. Most prior research in this area has focused on the organizational antecedents of leaders' exploration and exploitation activities, with less consideration given to the psychological precursors. This paper draws upon insights from the behavioral strategy literature to inform our theoretical perspective on leaders' exploration-exploitation activities. In particular, by conceptually linking leaders' regulatory focus and exploration-exploitation, we provide a theoretical framework to explain these activities from a psychological viewpoint. Moreover, we employ two moderator variables to better understand the different properties and boundaries of this framework. All in all, this paper has a number of implications for strategic leadership theory and practice.

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The Leadership Quarterly
Department of Strategic Management and Entrepreneurship

Tuncdogan, A, van den Bosch, F.A.J, & Volberda, H.W. (2015). Regulatory focus as a psychological micro-foundation of leaders' exploration and exploitation activities. The Leadership Quarterly, 26(5), 838–850. doi:10.1016/j.leaqua.2015.06.004