Acute pancreatitis is the most common gastrointestinal indication for hospital admission, and infected pancreatic and/or extrapancreatic necrosis is a potentially lethal complication. Current standard treatment of infected necrosis is a step-up approach, consisting of catheter drainage followed, if necessary, by minimally invasive necrosectomy. International guidelines recommend postponing catheter drainage until the stage of 'walled-off necrosis' has been reached, a process that typically takes 4 weeks after onset of acute pancreatitis. This recommendation stems from the era of primary surgical necrosectomy. However, postponement of catheter drainage might not be necessary, and earlier detection and subsequent earlier drainage of infected necrosis could improve outcome. Strong data and consensus among international expert pancreatologists are lacking. Future clinical, preferably randomized, studies should focus on timing of catheter drainage in patients with infected necrotizing pancreatitis. In this Perspectives, we discuss challenges in the invasive treatment of patients with infected necrotizing pancreatitis, focusing on timing of catheter drainage.

dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrgastro.2016.23, hdl.handle.net/1765/89208
Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Department of Surgery

van Grinsven, J, van Santvoort, H.C, Boermeester, M.A, Dejong, C.H, van Eijck, C.H.J, Fockens, P, & Besselink, M.G. (2016). Timing of catheter drainage in infected necrotizing pancreatitis. Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Vol. 13, pp. 306–312). doi:10.1038/nrgastro.2016.23