Renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are difficult to balance for the grid because they are weather dependent. We study how the storage of electric vehicles can balance a grid with an increasing intermittent renewable energy content in the short term and contribute to a more efficient and sustainable smart grid. In the Power Trading Agent Competition, a mulitagent platform, we represent fleets of electric vehicles to make a tradeoff between the conflicting interests of storing intermittent energy in the electric vehicles and driving them. The richness of this platform allows us to draw conclusions for the future of a sustainable grid with electric vehicles.

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Erasmus University Rotterdam

Kahlen, M.T, & Ketter, W. (2015). Electric vehicles: An agent-based approach to sustainability. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-27343-3_15